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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: David Coleman <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 9 Jul 2022 13:08:22 -0700
Subject: Re: RHFS Loan Offer


My name is David, I am a broker linked with high-profile investors from all parts of the world who are interested and willing to fund you in any current business or project you are undergoing being personal loan, housing or business expansion. As they are privately seeking means of expanding their investment portfolio internationally.

Kindly contact me at my private company email address: and let me know if I may be of assistance.


David Coleman

Anti-fraud resources: