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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. John Wilson" <>
Date: Fri, 8 Jul 2022 13:19:13 +0100
Subject: Your urgent reply is needed to facilitate your payment process

Payment Refund Commission (PRC)
United Nations License Office.

Attention Please.

This is a Refund Commission set up by the new United Nations
Resolution Panel and Executive Management of Ecowas Regional
Headquarters with U.S. Federal Reserve Bank in accordance with the
global Financial System Stability of the IMF/World Bank in other to
pay compensation to the less privileges and fight against corruption
in all countries of the world this year, 2022 with a five Key Agenda.
The five key objectives of this Commission are stated thus:

1). To recover and refund to the legal owner's any money extorted
illegally from them.
2). To recover and refund to the legal owner's any contractual payment denied.
3). To recover and refund to the legal owner's any confiscated or
diverted payment.
4). To Fish-out and prosecute any illegal act perpetrated against
anybody in the world.
5). To recover and pay compensation/palliative to Covid 19 Victims.

The United Nations have approved the sum of funds of $5.5M (Five
Million United State Dollars in your favor with Finex Capital Bank)
these approved amounts are scam victims and covid 19 compensation
payment, which your email address is among one of the victims entitled
to receive this payment.

1. Your name-------------------------------
2. Your address ---------------------------
3. Your telephone-------------------------
4. Age ---------------------------------------
5. Sex----------------------------------------
6. Your occupation -----------------------
7. Your identification----------------------
8. Your bank information----------------

As soon as we receive the above data, we shall commence with all
necessary procedures in other to receive your fund.

However, You are hereby advised to contact the chief Remittance
officer Mr. David Anderson at with your full name,
country, address, Identity card and your direct phone number for
immediate processing of your refund / compensation.

Mr. John Wilson
Chairman, Payment Refund Commission (PRC)
United Nations License Office.

Anti-fraud resources: