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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs.Linda Alexandre" <>
Date: Fri, 8 Jul 2022 03:38:44 -0700
Subject: 08/07/2022

I am directing this inquiry to you in good faith that you are doing
well, I am Attorney Linda Alexandre, I am the financial and legal
adviser of a foreign investor who died of COVID 19 in the Republic of
Togo. I need you to pay attention to this information because the
investor left no will or nominated next of kin to his fund deposited
so the bank here wants to take advantage of that to divert his funds
due to no one is coming for the deposit since the depositor died. I
want to work closely with you so you can stand as the foreign
beneficiary to the late investor to make the claims of his multi
million of dollars deposited with the bank. Reason why I contacted you
is that my client surname is the same with your surname. More details
on the receipt of this message.

I wait for your response.

Mrs. Linda Alexandre.

Anti-fraud resources: