fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- +447031949292 (UK, redirects to a mobile phone in another country)
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Mr Desmond Edward <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 8 Jul 2022 00:10:16 +0100
Subject: DEBT RECOVERY COMMITTEE
DEBT RECOVERY COMMITTEE
FUND CLEARING HOUSE LONDON
UNCLAIMED FUND NOTIFICATION
I am Mr Desmond Edward of the Debt Recovery committee (DRC). My
committee has the mandate to recover unpaid debts associated with
contracts, lottery fund, inheritance fund, loans and grants etc
ranging from $ 1M- $ 19.5m owed to various beneficiaries across
theglobe (Asia, Europe, USA, Africa, and Australia) and submit the
list of the unpaid beneficiaries to the appointed official paying
Banks for immediate payment of the fund.
In the course of our investigation, your email address /
particulars were listed among the first fifteen yet to be paid hence
this email.However, we received a petition yesterday from one
Mrs.Christina Morgan that you are dead. According to her, you died in
a plane crash therefore that the fund be paid to her as the heir
apparent. She has submitted her Bank account with FNB for the transfer
of the fund to her.
To avoid undue delay or paying the fund to wrong beneficiary, I have
decided to contact you for confirmation. If I fail to hear from you
after 72 hours, it will be assumed the petition of Mrs. Morgan is true
and the fund will be paid to her without further delay.
Therefore, if you are still alive, reconfirm your particulars as
stated below and send immediately ,
1. Full Name: ____________________________
2. Address: ______________________________
3. Nationality: ____________ Sex___________
4. Date of Birth: ________
5. Occupation: ___________________________
6. Phone: _______ Fax: _____________________
7. State of Origin: _______ Country: _______
Mr Desmond Edward.
Reply to this; email@example.com
Fund Clearing House London
+44 703 194 9292