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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "CITI BANK" <>
Date: Thu, 07 Jul 2022 12:49:00 -0700
Subject: CITI BANK OF Texas Corporate Office

CITI BANK OF Texas Corporate Office
Headquarters 134, 198 Citibank Dr, San
Antonio, TX 78245 Our Ref:CBD/IRU/SFE/15.5/WD/011
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA Monday-Friday 8 a.m.-9 p.m.
Eastern Daylight Time(EDT) Saturday and Sunday
8 a.m.-4 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time(EDT)
Phone : +1 (260) 639-8798

Dear Customer,

My name is John Chamber of Citi Bank Texas,How are you doing today? I wish to inform you that your total fund of $4.5 Million was deposited here by the United Nation compensation board and we have made all the good arrangements on how to ensure that your fund hits your account. You are advised to provide the information below to enable us to enhance the transfer.

Your bank address:
Your account number/ routing number
Your Full name and address.
Your Cell Phone number.

We shall proceed and get your fund transferred into your account once we receive the above information .

Yours faithfully,
Email (

Anti-fraud resources: