fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: MR ALEX KEITH <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 7 Jul 2022 13:20:26 -0700
Subject: Attention my dear,
Attention my dear,
Your ATM Card is available for shipping now. The WELLS FARGO
Bank has deposited your ATM Card of $70.5Million Dollars
to our office to ship it to your home address now. Which is coming
from the Wells Fargo Bank. I will immediately proceed to your home
address without any further delay .
To your home address within hours today once I heard from you.
Don't forget to send the shipping address to avoid wrong delivery.
Any of your ID card or Passport copy
make sure you send your address .