fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Email; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: Lucy Thomas <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 7 Jul 2022 21:38:11 +0200
Subject: YOUR US$1,227,000.00 FINAL PAYMENT NOTICE BOA
*BANK OF AMERICA*
Corporate Center, 100 North Tryon Street, Charlotte, NC 28255
United States, Email: @boa-usa.com
Reg 02783251 Email. email@example.com
To Whom It May Concern: (Honorable Beneficiary )
Ref: Swift Final Signal Release Update RMB Bank.
Network Amount/Valued-26082014/US$1,227,000.00 USD.
Account Final Credit to : >> Mr. beneficiary
*Credit Transfer Tracer: 11001016/1,227,000.00USD TTC25244075994XZ71*
Your bank account have the has received uncleared funds from our
correspondent bank the Rand Merchant Bank of south Africa under the
clearance authorization of the United States bank supervisory board
authorities in recognizance of your returned/uncompleted Telex from
the Financial Intelligence REF: 1630060428 FIRNZAJJXXX4665433821 deposited
1/06/2022 05:10:15, please insure that the Beneficiary comply with the
outstanding obligation and clear the Related bank Re-installation charges
of US$819.00 ( Eight Hundred And Ninety One Dollars ) Only payable to RMB
being for the overseas postage to enable our Swift telex gazette into your
bellow local bank account uninterruptible within 48hours otherwise the
Telex will be canceled Indefinitely and funds confiscated to Federal
Reserve bank unclaimed funds
(a) XXXXXXXXXX Beneficiary
(b) XXXXXXXXXX! Address:
(c) XXXXXXXXXX Receiving Bank
(d) XXXXXXXXXX Account Number
(e) XXXXXXXXXX Transit :
(e) XXXXXXXXXX Bene Address
(f) XXXXXXXXXX Swift Code
Several remittance/Crediting attempt signal was sent to credit your bank
Account without success, the counter remittance acceptance still could not
be established until the RMB Outstanding charges is settled in accordance
with their foreign transfer regulations on foreign payment deeds and
article on foreign transfer
The BOA will proceed to credit your bank account upon the confirmation from
the Rmb that the outstanding fees have been settled. Contact the Rand
Merchant Bank(RMB) International, Remittance Director, Attn Mr. James
Formby Switchboard +27-710927585
We are obligated to see the urgent conclusion of the Overdue payment before
is pronounced unclaimed which is liable for confiscation and to that effect
we have created this emergency onward payment system otherwise known as BOA
Multiple Option Payment System (ABMOPS) which is an uninterruptible measure
and will certainly require no further clearance and for a direct credit to
your bank successfully .
*We Remain Boa*
Mrs, Ron D. Sturzenegger
Director Foreign Payment
and Market Engagement Executive.
Bank of America
Tel/Fax: +1 209-248-1662