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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Bank Of America <>
Date: Mon, 4 Jul 2022 05:10:54 -0700
Subject: Bank Of America.Corporate Office Headquarters.

Bank Of America.Corporate Office Headquarters.
100 N. San Francisco-Oakland, California 28255 USA.
Our Ref: BOA/IRU/SFE/15.5/WD/011
Working Hours: Monday-Friday

8 a.m.-9 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time(EDT)
Saturday and Sunday 8 a.m.-4 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time(EDT)
Hello my dear good citizen of USA how are you doing today?
A compensations funds worth $35 million us dollars that were said to
belong to you was transferred to our bank corporate headquarters at
Charlotte, North Carolina 28255 last month 21st by the management of
the INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUNDS (I.M.F) Benin republic branch under
the authority of MR. Eliot Gold of Florida. I would have informed you
of this since last month but I was too busy attending to our numerous
customers. For these funds to be transferred to your private account
you will have to re-confirm us with your full information including
your bank details were the interest of this fund will be transfer to

THANKS as we wait to hear from you soon.
God bless America.
Sheri B. Bronstein,
Bank of America®

Anti-fraud resources: