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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Francisco Villela" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 4 Jul 2022 07:48:56 -0400
Subject: Base de Datos Chile 2022

BBDD 2022
Base datos Gerentes y Altos ejecutivos 2022 $ 59.900 EXENTO DE IVA 500.000 CONTACTOS
Base de datos Personas Chile $99.900 EXENTO DE IVA 2 MILLONES DE CONTACTOS
WP: +5694752 8980
responder al email con el asunto as2220

Anti-fraud resources: