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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: James Abel <>
Date: Mon, 4 Jul 2022 01:01:54 -0700
Subject: Investment

Hello nice to meet you,

My name is James Abel. I am a Financial Consultant
of a reputable firm operating out of Panama. We provide Discrete
Financial Services for High Net worth Individuals,CEO's/Executives of
Corporations and Senior Government officials globally.

What we do is legal and within the ambit of the law but following the
leakage of the infamous Panama Papers and subsequent threat by the
International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) to
publish more details and release more lists not included in the first

Practically all our clients are no longer comfortable, right now few
of our clients want their accounts closed and transfer their assets
including cash out from these Offshore locations to be invested in the
real sector of an economy in any part of the world that has good

So we are looking for Manufacturers, Real estate developers,
construction companies, oil exploration companies, mining corporations
ETC that will be vetted to qualify for this funds injection of about
$10.5 Million USD) Ten million Five hundred thousand dollars

These funds will be given at a 0% interest, it is not a loan,
rather it will be given as a tenured operational fund, and the
investor is only interested in any agreed percentage of profit
declared, either quarterly or yearly. A minimum of ROI of 5 % is

If you believe you or your organization can be assessed for
qualification and consideration to participate in this program.

Please reply to this email for further information

Yours Sincerely,
James Abel

Anti-fraud resources: