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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Joe & Jess Thwaite Foundation" <>
Date: Mon, 4 Jul 2022 01:01:25 -0700

Wir sind Joe und Jess Thwaite und haben am 10. Mai 2022 einen
EuroMillions-Lotterie-Jackpot in Höhe von 184 Millionen £ gewonnen.
Wir spenden an 5 zufällig ausgewählte E-Mails und Ihre ist eine der
E-Mails, die wir aus einer Verlosung ausgewählt haben.
Wir spenden in gutem Glauben die Summe von 1.700.000 Euro an Sie und
Ihre Familie.
Kontaktieren Sie uns per E-Mail:, um Ihre
Spende einzufordern.

Anti-fraud resources: