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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Philip Konadu <>
Date: Mon, 30 May 2022 15:22:15 -1200
Subject: Greetings

My name is Mr. Philip Konadu. I have a lucrative offer of mutual interest
to share with you, please take your time to read through my message
carefully and respond as soon as possible.

I have a transaction of $17,800,000.00 only. I realized this fund from the
bank's excess profit after trading with the capital sum and I deposited the
funds in an escrow call account. Finally, I did not declare these funds to
the bank before my medical retirement. As a former staff of Absa bank
Ghana, I cannot be directly connected to this money, this is why I am
requesting your assistance to present you as the depositor and owner of
these funds so that you will request for the account to be closed and the
money wired to you in your Country, and as soon as it gets there, we share
it 55% for me and 45% for you for your help and participation.

I assure you that you have absolutely nothing to lose in this, it is simply
going to be a bank-to-bank wire transfer, and can be completed within 7
days, and will take place at the bank head office of the International
Remittance Department where all the international transfers are being
carried out. As soon as the money is transferred, I will come to your
country for the sharing as we have both mutually agreed. I plan to relocate
completely to your Country right after this. All I need from you is your
total trust and sincerity to work with me and the money will be transferred
to you as soon as you request the transfer from the bank, don't worry I
will be guiding you all the way through the process.

I am open to doing this with you if you are serious, trustworthy, and can
keep things in confidence.

I await your swift response.
Mr. Philip Konadu

Anti-fraud resources: