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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Rio Kenneth" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 3 Jul 2022 21:38:24 +0200
Subject: Goodnews..

Hello Dear.

I hope you are doing well? My name is Rio Kenneth, a Senior Financial Consultant from the United Kingdom.
I am contacting you in regards to a confidential matter which involves my client as He is one of the Russian Oligarchs, both the United Kingdom/European Union and the USA froze some of his assets.

He needs your help in receiving 250M USD in one of the Uk Banks which the government is not aware of. All legal documents stating you as His representative will be presented to the bank.

Kindly contact me as soon as possible and I will provide you with more details for agreements and how to move forward.

If this business proposition offends your moral values kindly accept my apology.

Kind regards,

Rio Kenneth

Senior Financial Consultant

Anti-fraud resources: