fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: Hussein BinAli <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 07:39:42 -0700
Subject: INVESTMENT/ LOAN OFFER
We invite all interested project owners and investors to our project
financing programme. I am the investment officer of a UAE based
investment company, we are ready to fund projects outside the UAE, in
the form of debt finance, We grant loans to both Corporate and private
entities at a low interest rate of 2.5% ROI per annum. The terms are
very flexible and interesting. Kindly revert back if you have projects
that need funding for further discussion and negotiation. Kindly reply
to my email. firstname.lastname@example.org