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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Herbert Ulyate" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 12:41:12 +0100
Subject: Dear Friend, (YOUR ATTENTION IS NEEDED)...

I apologize if the contents hereunder are contrary to your moral ethics.
But please treat with absolute secrecy and confidentiality.
I am Mr. Herbert Ulyate the Personal Relation Officer at Rand Merchant Bank
to the deceased. On May 12, 2010, one of our esteemed clients who shared the same surname with you made a numbered time (Fixed Deposit of $9,500,000.00) for twelve calendar months in my Bank since August 2009. Upon maturity, we sent a usual notice to his known address but got no answer.
The Rand Merchant Bank where the fund was deposited by my deceased client has given me a deadline to the end of their organization's financial year ending before they claim the deposit, I seek your consent to present you as the sole beneficiary of the deceased for future claim of the said fund
I seek your consent to present you as the sole beneficiary of the deceased for future claim of the said fund. Email me  with your Full names, Age, country and Direct telephone number only to enable me furnish you with adequate information in regards this claim
Kindly indicate your interest by sending me a reply so i can advise on how to proceed on this inheritance claim.
Herbert Ulyate

Anti-fraud resources: