fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "your loan " (Beware of fake loan offers. Real lenders would not normally use free webmail addresses such as Yahoo, nor would they lend to individuals or small businesses in a different country from where they are based. Beware of mobile phones or redirector numbers!)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "ZENITH CAPITAL" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 10:35:15 -0700
Subject: LOAN AND INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
Whether youâd like a loan to finance an early start-up business, existing business, partnership, or investment opportunity, we could help you borrow any amount you need â when you need it.
* Get up to $100 million USD
* Competitive fixed rate at 1.25% APR
* Your credit score does not affect our decision
* 85% Loan application granted within 48 hours
* Find out your personal price quote
* Simple application process
* Payments deferred for the first 3 months after closing
Reply to get your loan quote.
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Reply this message for your investment inquiry.