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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Optimax Trading Limited <>
Date: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 10:44:20 +0100
Subject: Irresistible preposition


I am Felicia Howard, a resident of the United Kingdom. I have worked with
Optimax Trading Limited as the Lead Investment, and Capital Manager for
over a decade now. I have an interesting business transaction that urgently
requires your attention for our mutual benefit. I will suggest we go into
details privately via email for security purposes.

My personal email is

My work contact is stated below.

Optimax Trading Limited
Social Profile:
Toll Free: +13863562924
Toll Free: +441594808776

Anti-fraud resources: