fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: Azim Hashim Premji <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 18 Jun 2022 10:38:18 +0800
Subject: IMPORTANT NOTICE
I'm Azim Hashim Premji, an Indian business tycoon, investor and
Philanthropist. I am the Chairman of Wipro Limited. I have been giving
away 25 percent of my personal wealth to charity. Due to the crisis
caused by the outbreak of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic,
I have also pledged to give 25% this year 2022, I have decided to
donate â¬2,000,000 (2 million euros) to you. If you are interested in
my donation, contact me
For more information. I also want you to be part of my charity
Foundation as soon as you receive this money so that we can join hands
to help the needy..
You can also read more about me using the link below
Contact me by email for more details:
CEO Wipro Limited