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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.Gertjan Vlieghe" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 08:34:59 -0700
Subject: Good day to you.


Good day to you.

I am Dr.Gertjan Vlieghe personal Secretary to Andrew Bailey who double as the Governor, Bank of England ( We have an inheritance of a deceased client, who bear the same name with your surname. kindly contact Andrew Bailey through his personal email ( with your details for more information.

Thank you.

Dr.Gertjan Vlieghe

Anti-fraud resources: