fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Office <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 17 Jun 2022 15:16:22 -0700
Subject: GOOD MORNING
Polaris Bank Plc has evolved into one of the top financial
institutions in Nigeria, after its very seamless consolidation
exercise years ago. It operates as a group that provides facets of
financial products and services powered by a purpose built
technological framework that supports the service delivery process to
We are very sorry for the years delay to release your fund to you due
to the problem from bank former auditors trying to divert Local and
foreign customer's funds. Please bear with us now that we are
correcting all the past mistake and your fund worth of Fifteen Million
United State Dollars ($15.million) will be release to you
successfully. Your are hereby advice to reconfirm your information as
1,Your Full Name
2,Your Current Home Address
3,Your Phone Number
This required to process your pending fund transaction and the
approval certificate of the fund will be attached to you via email as
soon as you provide the inform as required here. I am looking forward
to hear from you immediately.