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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Hackett Jack <>
Date: Fri, 17 Jun 2022 14:48:50 -0700
Subject: Attention: Beneficiary, IMF Senior Regional Representative

Regional Representative United Kingdom. After a series of complaints from
the FBI and other Security Agencies in the World concerning the rate of
scam victims, The IMF Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva and the
President of the World Bank Group David R. Malpass have authorized
$3.5million to all victims of the scam as compensation .For your
information, if you are among the victims of scam, you hereby required to
discontinue further communication with any other person(s) or office so as
to avoid distortion of data, as you are urgently required to contact the
Below address to enable Mr. David Carangelo of HSBC Bank New York City
release your $3.5million compensation payment to you immediately.See the
Below Email Address and Kindly contact the Payment
Officer________________________________________________________Full Name:-
Mr. David CarangeloEmail:-
for your cooperation.Yours faithfully,Christopher B. Woods.Senior Regional
IMF RepresentativeUnited Kingdom.*

Anti-fraud resources: