fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: Lucas Milo <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 17 Jun 2022 20:56:06 +0000
From Mr.Lucas, I am a banker by profession, I'm contacting you for a
business deal, in my department in the bank i discovered an abandoned
sum of $9.6million dollars that belongs to one of our foreign customer
who died with his supposed next of kin since July 22, 2003, the money
has been here in our bank lying dormant for years now without anybody
coming for the claim of it, i want you to stand in as the next of kin
to claim this fund in our bank, so that we move it into useful
investments.I want the bank to release the money to you as the
beneficiary and the next of kin to our deceased customer.The banking
laws here does not allow such money to stay more than 22years,because
the money will be recalled to the bank treasury account as unclaimed
fund, that is why contacted you for a business deal where this money
can be shared between us in the ratio of 60% for me and 40% for you,by
indicating your interest i will send you the full details on how the
transfer will go,immediately i get your response.