fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr Richard Wahl" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 17 Jun 2022 10:45:37 -0700
I am Mr. Richard Wahl, the mega winner of $533M In Mega Millions
Jackpot, I'm donating to 5 random individuals if you get this email
then your email was selected after a spin ball. I have spread most of
my wealth over a number of charities and organizations' have
voluntarily decided to donate the sum of $2 Million USD to you as one
of the selected 5, to verify my winnings please see my YouTube.
WATCH ME HERE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tne02ExNDrw
$533 Million Jackpot Winner Revealed: Modest Mega Millionaire Richard Wahl
Richard Wahl recently moved to New Jersey from Michigan and has only
played the lottery a few times before winning the $533 million Mega
Millions lottery jackpot.
THIS IS YOUR DONATION CODE: [ 0043034]
Reply with the DONATION CODE to this email:
email@example.com, the only fee you will pay to my personal
assistant to release the money to you is $50
and she will send it to you through ATM CARD or CASHIER CHECK.
Contact my personal Assistant
Name: Mrs. Genny Mary Clough
Hope to make you and your family happy.
Mr Richard Wahl