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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Joseph Kalu <>
Date: Fri, 17 Jun 2022 10:26:28 -0700
Subject: US$10.5 Million Dollars Approved For Transfer

Dear Fund Beneficiary,

I wish to inform you that after due consultation, this office is aware of
your curiosity/Dilemma and we have put that into consideration because of
all what you went through in the hands of imposters/scammers hence after
our meeting this morning with the board and management representatives of
the Bank For International Settlement Switzerland, the World Bank, IMF and
United Nations respectively concerning your payment fund, it was concluded
that your allocated payment funds valued $10.5 Million should be paid to
you through our accredited paying bank which is The Royal Bank of Canada.
For hence I am officially informing you that they have all the legal rights
and back up to transfer your funds into your bank account without any
delays or questions from anybody or governments of any Nations.

To commence your payment process, you are hereby advised to re-confirm your
personal datas and telephone numbers.

Upon the receipt of your response I will furnish you with their contact
details so as to enable you to inform them how best you may like to
receive your funds that are currently deposited in their STRONG ROOM for
easy and onward payment to you.

Yours Faithfully,

Mr. Phillip Joseph
Director, Foreign Debt’s Commission

US$10.5 Million Dollars Approved For Transfer

Anti-fraud resources: