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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Osvaldo Pioli <>
Reply-To: Osvaldo Pioli <>
Date: 17 Jun 2022 08:51:25 -0700
Subject: Re:Investment offer


I am an investment consultant and facilitator that provides financial solution to clients by helping them secure funds for their projects at a very low interest rate. I have reputable Investors based in different part of the world who are seeking investment opportunities and I try to help them locate the right business/projects to invest their funds.

If you are looking for funding for your business/project then you are at the right place. I can assist you get the loan you need for your project. All you need to do is get in touch with your Business plan and executive summary through my email so that I can assist you get the funds you need.

Best regards,
Osvaldo Pioli.

Anti-fraud resources: