fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "await your urgent response" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- "you are advice to " (this email uses bad English)
- "power of attorney" (with your bank details and a power of attorney form criminals sometimes empty bank accounts)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.
Fraud email example:
From: BANK OF AMERICA <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 16 Jun 2022 13:03:07 +0100
Subject: TRANSFER NOTICE
Bank Of America Corporate Center
Address: 100 North Tryon Street, Charlotte, North Carolina, 28202 U.S.
Payment Value: $36,500.000.00 USD
I am Mrs. Christine P. Katziff, the newly-sworn Chief Audit Executive
Of Bank Of America. You will get more information about me here:
In our office today was the presence of one Mr. Jim Chilong, your
relation of 122 Fitch Way, Sacramento, CA. USA 95864 filing
application contrary to your pending Outstanding fund valued at $36.5
Million currently in our custody. The above-mentioned person visited
this Bank today with a Power of Attorney given in his favor by your
good self, granting him the benefit to process and claim your
Outstanding fund valued $36.5 Million Dollars for personal reasons. He
further Stated that the funds should be wired to the bank account
details below as you are currently sick and unable to contact us
Bank name: Bank of America,
Account Number # 12908576457
Routing Number# 121000358.
Name: Mr. Jim Chilong
Address: 1347 FITCH WAY, SACRAMENTO, CA 95864-3030 USA.
Our management have asked Mr. Jim Chilong to return back to the Bank
within 48 hours to enable us to have a personal confirmation from you
being hitherto the beneficiary. We are sorry to have delayed your
instruction in giving out this fund since we must adhere to the advise
of this honorable bank by making sure this request is verified and
confirmed by the beneficiary and his existing attorney. You are advice
to get back to this office immediately for clarifications on this
matter as we shall be available 24 Hrs to speak with you and give you
the necessary guidelines on how to ensure that your fund is wired to
you immediately. Kindly reply this email with the below details
enclosed to help us process your payment,
Your Full Name: _____________
Your Contact House Address: _____
Name of City of Residence: _________
Direct and Mobile Telephone Number: ______
Working Identity /Passport: ________
Banking details: ___________
Please do provide the above information accurately, because this
office cannot afford to be held liable for any wrong transfer of funds
or liability of funds credited into an unknown account. As soon as the
above mentioned details are received, your payment will be made to you
immediately. Your immediate response with your information to enable
this bank proceeds with the transfer of your approved fund and serve
you better as we were directed by the U.S Government.
Your confirmation to the above will be appreciated. We look forward to
hearing from you soon. I await your urgent response.
Mrs. Christine P. Katziff,
Chief Audit Executive Officer,
Head, Foreign Operations
Bank Of America Office
NOTE: If you received this message in your SPAM/BULK folder, that is
because of the restrictions implemented by your Internet Service
Provider, we (BoA) urge you to treat it genuinely.