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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Stella Gabriel <>
Date: Thu, 16 Jun 2022 09:59:05 +0000

Greetings my beloved,
My name is Mrs.Stella Gabriel, I am a 65 years old widow presently
suffering from long term illness(breast cancer) I Have no child who
can inherited my wealth so i decided to donate what I have to you for
charity work in your country
this is my last wish. I want to donate $8.5 million to you so that you
will use 80 percent of this
fund to help the poor ones,while you use 20 percent for your family.
please reply now for more details.

Mrs.Stella,greeting from the sick bed

Anti-fraud resources: