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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Robert Held <>
Date: Wed, 15 Jun 2022 09:05:58 -0800
Subject: Looking for a Principal

Hello Good day,

How are you? Happy New Year. I sincerely hope that all is well with
you and your family.

My name is Robert Held and I'm a Lab assistant working with A
leading Bio-Pharmaceutical Company here in the Canada.. I got
your email through a private search for a principal individual or

I'm looking for a reliable businessman/individual to represent my
company in sourcing some of the basic raw materials used for the
manufacturing of high quality Anti-Viral Vaccines, Cancer treatment
medications and other life saving Pharmaceutical Products.

This may not be your area of specialization but I can assure it will
be another income generating business out of your specialty. This is
because our company is yet to locate any seller to buy from. Can you
represent my company in sourcing these materials as an Agent?

I will give you more specific profit details when I receive feedback
from you if you are interested.

Company name : Health First Laboratory Canada
Position : Lab assistant
Location : Toronto

Anti-fraud resources: