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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Steven Shawn <>
Date: Sat, 4 Jun 2022 21:12:09 +0100
Subject: Information


We are consultants to the U.S government and the United Nations on aid to
Ukraine. We are in need of intermediaries for various supplies to Ukraine
and would want to work with you to fill up the intermediary position. The
reward is very interesting. Please respond to me via email to with subject SWP/UKRAINE


Steven Shawn
Snr. Investment Manager
SWP Limited

Tel/whatsapp: +44 74 0111 7298

Anti-fraud resources: