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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Sat, 28 May 2022 12:43:29 +0000
Subject: Your replying back is needed

This is DHL courier Delivery Company of Lome Togo, the management of
this company, wishes to inform you that we received a parcel
containing an ATM Master Card valued $7.5 Million USD with the vital
PIN on it, for safety delivery to your residential address in your

This parcel was brought to us this morning by the ATM Card payment
office Lome Togo, please reconfirm the below information to avoid
delivery of your ATM
Master Card to the wrong hand.

1) Your Full Name:
2) Address:
3) Personal Phone Number:
4) Occupation, Age and Marital Status:
5) Copy Of Your Int'l Passport/Drivers License:

Send your require information via Email Address (

We will register your package and send you the tracking numbers before
we proceed for safety delivery of your package as soon as you
reconfirm the required
information for safety delivery. Send your require information via
Email Address (

DHL is one of the world's great success stories, the start-up that
revolutionized the delivery of packages and information. In the past
33 years, we've grown
up and grown into a diverse family of companies as DHL that's bigger,
stronger, better than ever.

Yours Faithfully.
Pastor David.
Bd. du 13 Janvier, Imm. N°1578
Nyékonakpoé - BP 4202
Lomé - Togo

Anti-fraud resources: