fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "monrovia" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- "liberia" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr. Mrs. Jewel Howard-Taylor" <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 28 May 2022 13:33:35 +0100
Subject: CREDIBLE PROJECT...
Dear Friend, I am Senator Jewel Howard-Taylor based in Monrovia the capital=
of Liberia. I am a sole custodian of a treasured fund. This fund investmen=
t belongs to I and my husband an Ex-President of Liberia. We decided to loo=
k for someone reliable to help us invest this fund. The said fund investmen=
t amounts to USD 25.5million. We would oblige any investor who will come up=
with visible and attainable project. I vehemently need a partner who can h=
andle my investment desire. I wish to invest in real estate and properties.=
It will be my utmost gratitude to round up all concerning this as soon as =
possible to avoid sentimental bias and impression from people having been e=
lected into power as vice president of Liberia. The incessant scam all over=
has compounded the issue of trust so we do find it hard to trust people wh=
o can help us in very sensitive and vital transactions such like this. It w=
ill gladden my heart to realize I have stumbled on the right contact. It wi=
ll interest me further if you would key in with common business interest, g=
oal and objective. This will undoubtedly build a great business partnership=
between us. Please take note that 20% of the total sum has been assigned a=
s your own slot. I shall embark on a visit with my Son for the investment o=
nce the transaction is concluded. I urge you to keep in touch with me as so=
on as you get this mail as this will give us a good set off. Meanwhile furn=
ish me with the following information; your full Names, Age, Contact Addres=
s/telephone and Occupation. Above all please be assured that the fund is no=
t in any way related to Terrorist / Drug Funding hence all transfers would =
be channeled via the normal protocol of funds transfer with all documentati=
on duly observed. I await your prompt and favorable response. Reply via ema=
il:=3D firstname.lastname@example.org Best regards, Dr. Mrs. Jewel Howard-Taylor. =