fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "certificate fee" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "stamp duty" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (AOL; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: Davis Hall <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 28 May 2022 04:23:03 -0700
Subject: Urgent reply
UBA Bank have deposited your ATM CARD of $15.5million USD to the DHL
delivery company.All you have to do is to contact them
they will give you direction on how you will be receive your ATM CARD
from now to Next week.You are not expected to pay for the customs duty
stamp duty or any certificate fee because all the fee is already
deducted from the funds once the procedure is done.The only fee you
to them before the delivery is DELIVERY FEE which i did not know the
amount it will cost. when you contact the DHL Company, try to ask them
how much is DELIVERY FEE.The Delivery fee is necessary because it will
be use for shipment of your Card to your Home Address immediately.
1. Your full name:..................
2. Your home address:...............
3. Your country:....................
4. Your city:.......................
5. Your phone number:..............
6. Your fax:......................
7. Your age:.......................
8. Your sex:.......................
9. Your occupation:................
10.a copy of your id or passport:..
send your home address to DHL Delivery agent MR.JOHN FRANK on his
Thanks and God bless you.