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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Fred williams" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 27 May 2022 19:05:09 +0100
Subject: Message from Fred williams

My name is Fred and I represent a high net-worth individual that wants to invest through you believing in your capacity and experience as a senior executive working in a Multi-National corporation.

I will go in to further details with you via your private email and whats-app number, I would not like to discuss much through your official email.

Fred williams

Anti-fraud resources: