fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Julius Berger Construction"<Johndouglas@juliusberger.com>
Date: Fri, 27 May 2022 09:47:08 -0300
Subject: Contact Me Immediately
I am Dr John Douglas the Vice Chairman, Julius Berger Nigeria
Construction Company, I write to you officially to know if you are
willing to sell our Contract / Inheritance information with the
Nigerian Government to us since you have not been able to receive your
We understand that your fund has already been declared paid to the
Federal Government of Nigeria by the Corrupt Bank/Government Officials
that handled your fund payment, and all this while you have been
fighting to receive your fund without knowing that the Corrupt
Bank/Government Officials that handled your fund payment diverted your
fund to a trading Company in London, and have been trading with your
fund on Stocks and Bonds without your knowledge and still frustrating
/ ripping you off by making you pay bills to frustrate you.
We have very high understanding with the Nigerian Government and we
have connections with top financial governing bodies in Nigeria and
We are making you an offer to sell your Contract/Inheritance
information to us, while we pay you directly through one of our
offshore banking accounts and go for the fund with the information
which you will give us.
I await your response.
Dr John Douglas
Julius Berger Nigeria Construction Company.