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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Alex Ogalanya <>
Date: Thu, 19 May 2022 14:59:10 +0100
Subject: Your urgent response is required

*From: The Presidency Federal Republic of Nigeria*
*Foreign Payment Advisory Board (FPAB)*
*International Credit Settlement Dept.*
*OUR REF: FPAB//PED/IRD//09/2022*

*Official Gazette*
*Acts of Revocation of Agency Rights no.: 12,*
*Government Notice No.:9024*
*Vol. 1 File No: 414/2018cp*

*Attn: Beneficiary,*

*I am Mr. Alex Ogalanya, Chairman Foreign Payment Advisory Board (FPAB).
This is to inform you that a payment order has been received from the
Federal Ministry of Finance to release a part-payment of your
Contract/Inheritance funds $5.5M to you.*

*Kindly confirm to me if you had any arrangement with one Thompson Hopper
as he claims your Contract/Inheritance Fund linked through payment
classification code OFX/PMNT/CBN-DMO/99 is now his. He claims you are now
incapacitated and no longer healthy enough to continue with the processing
of this claim, hence you decided to sell the contract/inheritance claim to
him. He has submitted his biometric data and also sent the necessary fees
to change what is originally in the system under your name and details to
his own name.*

*Before we make payment to him, I want to confirm from you if you entered
into an agreement with him or not, as we will not be held responsible for
unauthorized/wrong payment.*

*Did you sign any AGREEMENT in favor of Mr. Thompson Hopper?*

*Your urgent response is required.*

*Yours faithfully,*

*Mr. Alex Ogalanya*
*Foreign Payment Advisory Board (FPAB)*

Anti-fraud resources: