fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "you are advise to" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: HOMELAND SECURITY <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 19 May 2022 13:57:51 +0100
Subject: Did You Receive My Last Email?
*The Homeland Security want to bring to your notice that we have been in
contact with the VP Bank of Switzerland and they are currently working on
your fund transfer. Based on that you are advise to contact the VP Bank of
Switzerland for your fund transfer and get back to us. *
*You are advised to contact the Head Operation VP Bank Switzerland:*
*Dr,Mrs.Gabriela Maria Payer*
*Head Operation VP Bank Switzerland*
*Contact her immediately for your Bank Wire Transfer or through VP Bank
On-line transfer payment of US$10,500,000.00(Ten Million Five Hundred
Thousand United States Dollars) these funds are in a Bank for security
purpose so the transfer will be made to any of your designated bank account
in any part of the World through bank online transfer.*
*You are advised to contact the bank immediately.*
[image: Secretary Mayorkas Official Photo.jpg]
*Alejandro Mayorkas (Honorable)*
*United States Secretary of Homeland Security*