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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: James Donald <>
Date: Thu, 19 May 2022 01:20:37 -0700
Subject: Partnership Investment.

Dear Sir/ Madam

My name is James Donald I am from Burkina Faso a minister here is
interested to invest in your country , he confide on me to look for
trust worthy person who is capable to partner with him to realize
his investment plan with ( USD. $35.5 Million )

He has an investment interest in Mining, Exotic Properties for
Commercial/Residential and Development Properties, Hotels and any
other viable investment opportunities in your country based on your
recommendation, will be highly welcomed.

Please if you are willing Kindly Reply to me In my Confidential
Email Address ( ) For The Confidentiality Of
This Proposal.I will Give You The Complete Details How We Shall

1.Full name:
4. Private cell phone:
5. Occupation:
6. Age.

Your co-operation is highly needed to achieve this investment project.

I wait for your prompt response.

May Almighty God Bless You!
Thanks and best regards,
Mr.James Donald

Anti-fraud resources: