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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: BBC National Lottery <>
Date: Thu, 19 May 2022 05:56:09 +0100

Dear Lucky Winner,
Your email have won you the sum of £850,000 GBP from the BBC -The
National Lottery on our 2022 sweepstake bonanza in commemoration of
our 28 years anniversary. This draw No: 01-05-25 brought out your
email address from the data base of the internet email users and
qualified you as our bona-fide winner of the stated prize. To redeem
your winning prize, you're advised to urgently reconfirm your details
below and send it back to us for payment through this email:

(1) File Number: ID2267-2022
(2) Ref Code: KP23/967/MCL5 /JKT
(3) Grant Number: MICC/97846563459/22
(4) Residential Address:
(5) Mobile Telephone:
(6) Nationality/Country:
(7) Full Names:
(8) Your Email:
(9) Age/Sex:
(10) Occupation/Position:

For your winning numbers verification, you're advised to login to our
websites below for more details:

Yours Sincerely,

Mr.Moon Jang Won
Claim Manager

Anti-fraud resources: