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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Lewis Parker <>
Reply-To: Lewis Parker <>
Date: 19 May 2022 05:15:57 +0200
Subject: Business Opportunity


I'm Lewis Parker a Research Assistant of Castle Laboratories Ltd,
a leading bio pharma company in England. I'm in search of a business man/person in your region that can help our company in sourcing for some raw materials we use in production for cancer treatments and other lifesaving medications. This may not be your area of specialization but it will be another income generating business out of your specialty.

I have a business proposal for you which is worth a substantial amount. In acknowledgment of this email, I shall divulge details of my intent for your consideration.

I will give you more specific profit details when I receive feedback from you if you are interested.


Lewis Parker

Anti-fraud resources: