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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Michael Kojo" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 19 May 2022 03:49:03 +0200
Subject: Greetings Sir/Ma.

Greetings Sir/Ma,
My name is Michael Kojo. I work closely with top wealthy retired Government Political. I'm looking for a reliable and capable
Businessman/Individual whom i can trust for a profitable Business Idea/Project.
I will appreciate if you respond so that i can give your further explanation, if you think you have a solid background and idea of
making good profit in any of business of your choice.
Please let me have a brief description of your nature of business/professional experiences alongside your registered business
name/phone number and physical address, in a returned email, then MOU agreement will be send to you for signing.
I hope to hear from you soon with your mobile line.
Warmest Regards,
Michael Kojo.
Mobile /What'sapp: Line: + 447734493260.

Anti-fraud resources: