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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

Date: Wed, 18 May 2022 20:18:30 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: Eine interessante Website!

LOAN OFFER hat Ihnen den folgenden Link geschickt:

Folgender Mitteilungstext wurde beigefuegt:
LOAN OFFER 2% ,Do you need Financial help? We Are Certified To Offer,Do you need a loan? Do you need funds to start up your own business? QUICKEN BELL LOAN, Do you need loan to settle your debt or pay off your bills or start a nice business, Personal Loan, Business Loan, Home Equity Loan, Debt Consolidations.


Your Name_
Your Address_
Loan Amount Needed__
Loan Duration_
phone Number_
Reply to Email:

Anti-fraud resources: