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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: MNLLP <>
Date: 19 May 2022 02:06:04 +1000
Subject: Let Us Know What You Think-


4 King St.,Toronto, ON M5H 1B6 Canada


Hello, xxx

My name is Melvin Newcombe; I am a partner at Melvin Newcombe Law Office, in Toronto Canada.Apologies if my letter came to you as a surprise, since there has been no previous correspondence between us. There is an unclaimed “Permanent Life Insurance Policy” held by our deceased client.

The transaction pertains to an unclaimed “Payable on death” (“POD”)savings monetary deposit in the sum of Eleven Million, Five Hundred and Fifty Thousand, Three Hundred United States Dollars
($11,550,300.00). The policy holder was one of our clients, who was a Private Banker and Real Estate developer. He was a Covid-19 Victim,who died about 2 years ago. Since his death no one has come forward for the claim and all our efforts to locate his relatives have proved unsuccessful.

The insurance company code stipulates that “Insured Permanent Policies" not claimed must be turned over to the abandoned property division of the state after 2-3 years.

Therefore, I ask for your consent to be in partnership with me for the claim of this policy benefit, in view of the striking similarity in your last name and nationality with the deceased. If you permit me to add your name to the policy, all proceeds will be processed on your behalf. I wish to point out that I want 10% of this money to be shared among charity organizations while the remaining 90% will be shared between us.

This is 100% risk free; I do have all necessary documentation to expedite the process in a highly professional and confidential manner.
I will provide all the relevant documents to substantiate your claim as the beneficiary. This claim requires a high level of confidentiality and it may take up to thirty (30) business days, from
the date of receipt of your consent.

For more details please contact me via: or

Your earliest response to this matter would be highly appreciated.

Melvin Newcombe
Senior Partner

Anti-fraud resources: