fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- "abuja" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr Ari Aisen, Resident Representative (I.M.F) Nigeria." <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 8 May 2022 09:14:01 -0700
Subject: RE: ATM PAYMENT DEPARTMENT OFFICE. (I.M.F).
In a recent meeting held with the newly, Managing Director of the
International Monetary Fund Nigeria's (IMF) issued the following
statement, concerning debt reconciliation, this is to inform you that
we have agreed to release your fund worth of (ONE MILLION FIVE HUNDRED
UNITED STATE DOLLARS) USD$1.5 Million united state Dollars which will
come via ATM VISA CARD as instructed from our headquarter by Ms.
Kristalina Georgieva, Director of the International Monetary Fund To
Nigeria (IMF). However, the below information is needed to enable the
profiling of your ATM DEBIT CARD and its delivery to you and to
contact them with your personal details such as:..
Cell Phone Number:
Underneath is the contact information of appointed dispatch person
whom you are to forward the above requested details:
Dispatch Director: Mr. Michael Franklin Sr.
Email Address: ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Phone Number: +234 (9067443327., OR Whats-App.
Once we receive this information, we will proceed without delay.
Resident Representative Nigeria International Monitoring Fund Agencies
(I.M.F) Office Information
9 Hon. Justice Mohammed Bello St. Asokoro Abuja.