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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "manuel franco" <>
Date: Sat, 09 Apr 2022 15:10:29 +0200
Subject: Re:

Sie wurden für eine Spende in Höhe von 2.000.000,00 Euro ausgewählt

Mein Name ist Manuel Franco aus den Vereinigten Staaten.
Ich habe die Amerika-Lotterie im Wert von 768 Millionen Dollar gewonnen und spende einen Teil davon an nur 5 glückliche Menschen und ein paar Waisenhäuser als Wohlwollen für die Menschheit. Melden Sie sich bei mir, um Ihre Spende zu erhalten.

Anti-fraud resources: