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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: federal bank <>
Date: Sat, 9 Apr 2022 05:53:21 -0700
Subject: Await your urgent response

Dear Beneficiary

Wit regards to your received mail, this is to inform you that this is
not a child's play , I ca see that you are not serious of getting
this transaction finalized. If you are not ready to comply and send
the required fee, please don't ever contact me any more. I will go
ahead and discard your name from the legal documents.

Thank you while I await your urgent response

Best Regards
Mr.John C. William
Director, Accounts/Client Service of Federal Reserve Bank

Anti-fraud resources: