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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mark Pytosh <>
Date: Sat, 9 Apr 2022 12:40:27 +0200

Good Day,

Before I proceed, I must first apologize for this unsolicited letter to
you. I am aware that this is certainly not a conventional way of approach
to establish a relationship of trust, but you will realize the need for my
action. My name is Mark Pytosh of Benatt Zinn chambers, London, UK.
Actually, I got your contact information from your country data directory
(South Africa) on my visit to your country, while searching for a last name
similar to my late client a South African; therapist at a Budapest centre
for children with motor disabilities. She died along with her son on the
Afriqiyah Airways Airbus A330 crashed on landing at Tripoli airport after a
flight from Johannesburg.

Before her death, she deposited the sum of £12.5M with a bank here in
London, England. The bank has mandated me to present any family
heir/inheritor for claim before the fund gets confiscated as an unclaimed
fund. So I decided to search for any of my late client's relatives which
has been very difficult for me, as she did not declare any other person,
address, partner or relatives in the official paper works of her deposit
except her late son.

Against this backdrop, my suggestion to you is that I will like you as a
South African to stand as the next of kin to late Dr. Rita, since you share
the same last name. With my position as her lawyer, I will now place your
name as the next of kin to my late client. I will prepare every relevant
document that will assist your claims, and facilitate the release of the

Note that this transaction is risk free. There is no atom of risk in
connection to this business as I have worked out all modalities to complete
the transaction successfully. Once the money is released to you, we shall
share in the ratio of 50% for me, 50% for you as your benefit then we will
map out 5% to upset any expenses made on the process of this transaction.

Please be kind to get back to me for further information.

Best Regards

*Barrister Mark Pytosh. *

Benatt Zinn Chambers,

London, UK.

Anti-fraud resources: