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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr.Dan Gilbert" <>
Date: Fri, 8 Apr 2022 18:37:34 -0700
Subject: Dear beneficiary

CONGRATULATIONS, I'm Daniel Gilbert, an American billionaire
businessman, investor and philanthropist. A co-founder of Quicken Loans,
founder of Rock Ventures, and owner of the National Basketball
Association's Cleveland Cavaliers Ohio(USA). you can read about me on;
You have won a (quarter) portion of my Net-worth $3,500,000 USD each to 5
individuals worldwide as part of our charity project,which I have been
banking on. If you have received a text from Gilbert Family Foundation.
Kindly send us your details so that we can direct our bank to effect the
transfer of the funds $3,500,000 USD,hoping it would be of help to you and
others too.

Reply with your information to our email address

Best Regards
MR.Dan Gilbert

Anti-fraud resources: