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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Troy S. Miller" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 8 Apr 2022 12:42:48 -0700
Subject: URGENT

U.S. Customs and Border Protection Commissioner
1300 Pennsylvania Ave NW Washington, DC 20004, USA

Good Day!
This office is writing to let you know we have
successfully brought all foreign transactions down here because of the
complaints and reports we are getting that citizens are being
intimidated, cheated and deprived of their legal rights to their
inheritance, winnings and contract funds from foreign countries.

All issues regarding transactions from Africa, Europe, Asia etc. has
been resolved and a total of $8,700,000.00 United States Dollars is in your name.
You are to contact us today for the release and the claim of your fund if you are still interested.

N:B All unclaimed funds go to the Federal treasury as unclaimed funds as the beneficiary will be assumed dead or
lack the capacity to claim said amount.

Troy S. Miller

This email has been checked for viruses by Avast antivirus software.

Anti-fraud resources: