fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Y.B. Hariantono" <email@example.com>
Date: Fri, 8 Apr 2022 19:11:44 +0000
Subject: ATTENTION, DEAR FRIEND
My name is Mr. Y. B. Hariantono, I solicit for your assistance in
claiming a deceased customer's fund as the next of kin.
Meanwhile, I am in charge of the IT And Operations, of which every
sensitive information passes through my office, the fund in question
was deposited at the Head Office of the Bank Negara Indonesia, which
amounts to US$18.4 million.
The deceased person contracted coronavirus in December 2019, while on
vacation with his family in China, leaving behind no one to stand as
next of kin, since then I have made all efforts to locate any family
member but to no avail.
I decided to contact you, regarding your pedigree, and also to stall
the attempt of other Directors from taking it for themselves by
labelling it as unclaimed funds. I have relevant documents in my
possession to back up this claim as the next of kin.
Please treat this mail as confidential, by being as discreet as
possible. As you can see in the link below my position with the Bank
Negara Indonesia BNI.
I wait for your response only if you are ready to assist.
Mr. Y.B. Hariantono
IT and Operations Director