fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "courier service" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: James Brown <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 7 Apr 2022 00:27:39 -0700
Subject: PAYMENT NOTICE
We have actually been authorized by the newly appointed Minister of
Finance and the governing body of the United Nations Monetary Unit
Investigate the Unnecessary Delay on Your Payment, Recommended and
approved in your favorite during the course of our investigation, we
discovered with dismay that your payment has been unnecessarily
delayed by corrupt officials of the Bank in an attempt to swindle
yours fund that has led to many losses from your end and unnecessary
delay in your payment receipt.
The United Nations and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) has
chosen to pay out all the United Arab compensation funds to 150
Beneficiaries from United States, Europe, Canada, Emirates, Bahrain,
Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South America, Australia and Asia and Africa
Continent through ATM Visa Card Consumers, businesses, financial
institutions and governments to use Digital currency instead of Cash and Cheque.
We have arranged your payment to be paid to you via ATM Visa Card and
this will be issued on your Name and shall be posted directly to your
address via D.H.L or any courier services available in your country,
Upon your contact with us, the sum of US $ 850,000.00 will be credited
to the ATM Visa Card and this will enable you to make withdraw in ATM
machines in your country with a minimum withdrawal of US $ 3,000.00
per day, Your limit can be increased to any amount upon your request,
In this regard; we will have to furnish the requested information to
our Directorate of International Payment with the followings.
1. Your Name:
4. Age and Sex:
5. Mobile Telephone:
6. Delivery Address:
7. Id Card Identification Number:
We need your urgent response to this email as directed to avoid
further delay, confirm and get back to us immediately.kindly reconfirm
the required details via this email address ( firstname.lastname@example.org )
Yours in service,